Start of Murat 131 production at TOFAŞ Automobile Plant in Bursa

December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 2.

Railways

  • December 29, 1897 During the Ottoman-Greek war, the peasant line Dersaadet-Thessaloníki played an important role in the fever of soldiers and ammunition. The Government of Anatolia and the Monastery Railway Company reached 275,000 pounds.
  • December 29, 1943 Locomotives and freight cars are brought back from Germany.

Olaylar

  • 1845 – Texas becomes the 28th state of the United States.
  • 1890 – American soldiers kill at least 62 Native Americans, including 153 women and children, in what is known as the Wounded Knee Massacre.
  • 1921 – Circassian Ethem, who did not agree to be under the command of İsmet Pasha, went on the offensive against the National Forces at Kütahya.
  • 1941 – NBC began broadcasting in Turkish.
  • 1976 – Start of production of Murat 131 at TOFAŞ Automobile Plant in Bursa.
  • 1978 – Iranian opposition leader Shahpur Bakhtiyar becomes prime minister.
  • 1982 – The 12th Execution September 22: Halil Fevzi Uyguntürk, who went to the land where the girl worked after the girl he wanted to marry got engaged to someone else in 1975, killed the girl, the girl’s mother and another person, was executed.
  • 1982 – 12th execution of September 23: Kazım Ergün, who killed the murderer, wife and son of the murderer in 1974, was executed after the murderer who killed his uncle was released from prison with the amnesty law enacted in 1974.
  • 1982 – 12th execution of September 24: Muzaffer Öner, who killed his wife and brother-in-law who had left home in 1979, is executed.
  • 1983 – Turkish Currency Protection Law was amended. Currency trading has been liberalized; Holding foreign currency is no longer a crime.
  • 1984 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, killed on October 31 in India, is replaced by her son Rajiv Gandhi.
  • 1985 – End of the decade-long civil war in Lebanon peace treatywas signed by Muslim and Christian religious leaders in Damascus, the capital of Syria.
  • 1989 – Writer Vaclav Havel is elected president of Czechoslovakia. First non-Communist candidate in 40 years.
  • The tram, which was decommissioned in 1990 – 1961, started operating on Istiklal Street.
  • 1992 – Culture and Art Grand Prize is awarded to writer Yaşar Kemal.
  • 1994 – A Turkish Airlines plane named “Mersin” crashed during its Van flight; 59 people died, 22 people were injured.
  • 1995 – The Kardak Crisis breaks out between Turkey and Greece.
  • 1996 – Guatemala’s 36-year civil conflict ended with the agreement signed between guerrilla forces and government leaders.
  • 1998 – Khmer Rouge leaders apologize for the 1970 genocide in Cambodia that claimed the lives of one million people.

births

  • 1692 – Franz Georg Hermann, German painter (died 1768)
  • 1709 – Yelizaveta, Empress of Russia from 1741 to 1762 (died 1762)
  • 1721 – Pompadour, French Marquise (died 1764)
  • 1735 – Thomas Banks, English sculptor (died 1805)
  • 1788 – Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish historian of antiquity (died 1865)
  • 1800 – Charles Goodyear, American inventor (died 1860)
  • 1808 – Andrew Johnson, American politician and 17th President of the United States (died 1875)
  • 1809 – William Ewart Gladstone, English politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1898)
  • 1809 – Albert Pike, American poet, general and 33rd degree Grand Mason (died 1891)
  • 1828 – Júlia Szendrey, Hungarian writer, poet and translator (died 1868)
  • 1850 – Tomás Bretón, Spanish composer, violinist and piano virtuoso (died 1923)
  • 1855 – William Thompson Sedgwick, American scholar (died 1921)
  • 1859 – Venustiano Carranza, Mexican politician (died 1920)
  • 1861 – Necip Asım Yazıksız, Turkish linguist and historian (d. 1935)
  • 1861 – Kurt Hensel, German mathematician (died 1941)
  • 1876 ​​- Pau Casals, Spanish cellist, composer and director (died 1973)
  • 1895 – Jerzy Hryniewski, Prime Minister of Poland (died 1978)
  • 1896 – David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter and muralist (died 1974)
  • 1903 – Candido Portinari, Brazilian neo-realist painter (died 1962)
  • 1910 – Ronald Coase, British-American economist and Nobel laureate (died 2013)
  • 1910 – Gunnar Thoroddsen, Prime Minister of Iceland (died 1983)
  • 1911 – Klaus Fuchs, German theoretical physicist and atomic spy (died 1988)
  • 1913 – Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (died 2002)
  • 1914 – Domènec Balmania, Spanish footballer (died 2002)
  • 1915 – Jo Van Fleet, American stage, film and television actress (died 1996)
  • 1918 – Leo J. Dulacki, American soldier (died 2019)
  • 1920 – Josefa Iloilo, President of Fiji (died 2011)
  • 1923 – Dina Merrill, American actress (died 2017)
  • 1924 – Freddy Buache, Swiss journalist, film critic and historian (died 2019)
  • 1927 – Giorgio Capitani, Italian director and screenwriter (died 2017)
  • 1927 – Yehoshua Glazer, Israeli footballer (died 2018)
  • 1928 – Bernard Cribbins, English actor, voice actor and musical actor
  • 1928 Piers Dixon, British politician (died 2017)
  • 1929 – Yaşar Güvenir, Turkish pianist, singer, composer and lyricist (died 1998)
  • 1936 – Mary Tyler Moore, American actress (died 2017)
  • 1938 – Jon Voight, American actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor
  • 1939 – Ed Bruce, American country music singer, songwriter and actor (died 2021)
  • 1942 – Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor and filmmaker (died 2012)
  • 1946 – Marianne Faithfull, English singer and actress
  • 1947 – Ted Danson, American actor
  • 1947 – Cozy Powell, English drummer (died 1997)
  • 1948 – Peter Robinson, former Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
  • 1950 – Edip Akbayram, Turkish musician
  • 1953 – Thomas Bach, former German national fencer
  • 1957 – Brad Gray, American film and television producer (died 2017)
  • 1957 – Oliver Hirschbiegel, German director
  • 1959 – Patricia Clarkson, American actress
  • 1959 – Murat Yetkin, Turkish journalist and columnist
  • 1962 – Carles Puigdemont, Spanish politician
  • 1964 – Michael Cudlitz, American actor
  • 1965 – Dexter Holland, American musician
  • 1967 – Lilly Wachowski, American director
  • 1969 – Jennifer Ehle, British-American actress
  • 1970 – Enrico Chiesa, Italian national football player and manager
  • 1971 – Besnik Hasi, Albanian former footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Leonor Varela, Chilean actor
  • 1972 – Jude Law, English actress
  • 1972 – Jaromír Blažek, former Czechoslovak footballer
  • 1974 – Mekhi Phifer, American actress
  • 1976 – Katherine Moennig, American actress
  • 1976 – Danny R. McBride, American actor, writer and filmmaker
  • 1978 – Kieron Dyer, England international footballer
  • 1978 – Danny Higginbotham, English-born Gibraltar national footballer
  • 1978 – Angelo Taylor, American athlete
  • 1979 – Diego Luna, Mexican actor, singer, director and producer
  • 1981 – Shizuka Arakawa, Japanese figure skater
  • 1981 – Berkay Şahin, Turkish singer
  • 1982 – Alison Brie, American actress
  • 1987 – Iain De Caestecker, Scottish actor
  • 1988 – Agnes Szavay, Hungarian tennis player
  • 1989 – Kei Nishikori, Japanese professional tennis player
  • 1990 – Tadas Simaitis, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1994 – Keiya Sento, Japanese footballer
  • 1995 – Ross Lynch, American singer
  • 1996 – Minatozaki Sana, Japanese singer and television host active in South Korea
  • 2000 – Eliot Vassamillet, Belgian singer

Armed

  • 1703-II. Mustafa, 22nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1664)
  • 1724 – Pavlo Polubotok, Kazakh hetman (b. 1660)
  • 1743 – Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (born in 1659)
  • 1772 – Ernst Johann von Biron, Duke of Courland and Semigallia (b. 1690)
  • 1825 – Jacques-Louis David, French painter (born in 1748)
  • 1829 – Henrietta (Nassau-Weilburg), wife of Archduke Karl, Duke of Teschen (b. 1797)
  • 1891 – Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician and logician (born 1823)
  • 1919 – William Osler, Canadian physician (b. 1849)
  • 1924 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet, author and Nobel laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1926 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (b. 1875)
  • 1929 – Wilhelm Maybach, German engine designer and industrialist (b. 1846)
  • 1935-II. Photios, 264th Ecumenical Patriarch (born 1874)
  • 1941 – Hüseyin Şadi Karagözoğlu, Turkish theater artist (b. 1890)
  • 1941 – Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (born in 1873)
  • 1953 – Fahri Bük, Turkish politician (born in 1897)
  • 1956 – Baba Salim Öğütçen, Turkish folk poet (b. 1887)
  • 1963 – Aleksander Ładoś, Polish diplomat, consular officer, journalist and politician (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Joseph Cornell, American sculptor (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Harold Macmillan, British politician and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1894)
  • 1986 – Andrey Tarkovsky, Russian director, writer and actor (born in 1932)
  • 1987 – Emin Barın, Turkish calligrapher and bookbinder (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Sıtkı Yırcalı, Turkish politician (born in 1908)
  • 1989 – Süreyya Ağaoğlu, Turkish lawyer and writer (Turkey’s first female lawyer) (b. 1903)
  • 2007 – Phil O’Donnell, English footballer (born 1972)
  • 2018 – Yehoshua Glazer, Israeli national footballer (born in 1927)
  • 2020 – Hatem Ali, Syrian actor and director (born in 1962)
  • 2020 – Claude Bolling, French jazz pianist, composer, arranger and actor (born in 1930)
  • 2020 – Pierre Cardin, French-Italian fashion designer (born in 1922)
  • 2020 – Richard Choruma, former Zimbabwe national football player (born 1978)
  • 2020 – Josefina Echánove, Mexican actress, model and journalist (born in 1927)
  • 2020 – Miguel Ángel Gutiérrez Machado, Mexican politician (born in 1960)
  • 2020 – Alexi Laiho, Finnish musician (born in 1979)
  • 2020 – Luke Letlow, American politician (born in 1979)
  • 2020 – Corrado Olmi, Italian actor and comedian (born in 1926)
  • 2020 – Serafim Papacostas, Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Greece (b. 1959)
  • 2020 – Luigi Snozzi, Swiss architect (born in 1932)

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