Buhari reaffirms commitment to eliminate kerosene lighting by 2030
President Muhammadu Buhari on Friday in Abuja reiterated Nigeria’s commitment to a safer and healthier global climate, listing the country’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to include the elimination of kerosene lighting by 2030 , increasing the use of buses for public transport and reducing crop burning. residues.
During a virtual meeting, hosted by President Joe Biden of the United States, on the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change (MEF), President Buhari, in a statement by Presidential Spokesperson, Garba Shehu, said an update to the Nationally Determined Contribution to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change had been tabled to replace the May 27, 2021 interim contribution.
“Our updated NDC includes the waste sector which is expected to contribute to reducing Nigeria’s greenhouse gas emissions. This move increased the Nationally Determined Contribution by a further 2% from 45% to 47% conditionally and 20% unconditionally below the status quo.
“Other action plans inherent in our NDC include; eliminating kerosene lighting by 2030, increasing the use of bus rapid transit as a mode of transportation for the general public, reducing the fraction of crop residues burned by 50% by 2030, and implementation of forestry programs.
“Initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20% and improve removals equivalent to approximately 74.2 metric tons of carbon dioxide by 2030, and ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Protocol of Montreal aimed at phasing out hydro-fluoro-carbon emissions,” the president said.
President Buhari also noted that Nigeria was in the process of developing national frameworks for Article 6 and for carbon pricing, adding: “we have finalized the sector action plan for the implementation of the NDC revised in key priority sectors, namely energy, oil and gas, agriculture and land use, electricity, transport and water and waste.”
On the Global Methane Pledge, the President told world leaders that Nigeria joined the Global Methane Alliance in 2019 with a commitment to achieve methane reduction targets of at least 45% by 2025 and 60 to 75% by 2030.
“Nigeria’s 2019 National Reduction Plan began with the required voluntary actions, with an initial focus on eliminating methane, a short-lived pollutant, in the oil and gas sector.
“Our plan aims to improve air quality and reduce Nigeria’s contribution to climate change through 22 specific mitigation actions across 8 source sectors (transport, household cooking and lighting, industry, waste, petroleum and gas, agriculture, electricity and Hydro-Fluoro-Carbon), as well as the adoption and ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol aimed at phasing out hydrofluorocarbon emissions.
“Full implementation of these measures would be effective in reducing short-lived pollutants, with an 83% reduction in black carbon emissions by 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario and a 61% reduction methane emissions.
“These measures are also effective in reducing other air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and particulate matter, and also reduce carbon dioxide emissions,” he added.
The President said implementing the measures could reduce exposure to air pollution across Nigeria by 22% in 2030, while reducing Nigeria’s contribution to climate change.
Further, President Buhari said, “My administration endorsed Nigeria’s Sustainable Energy for All Action Program in 2016, which aims to nearly triple generation capacity over the next decade, to reach a total of 30 gigawatts by 2030.
“Of this amount, 30% will be generated from renewable resources, almost half of which by medium and large hydroelectric plants. The Clean Energy Transport Scheme in major Nigerian cities involves the introduction of compressed natural gas for buses in public transport.
“Nigeria is aware that its heavy reliance on fossil fuels makes the country particularly vulnerable in a world that aims to reduce or even eliminate fossil fuels as a key driver of the global economy.”
The president noted that a number of countries already ban the sale of petroleum-burning internal combustion engine vehicles:
“However, Nigeria is also aware that the short-term response to the transition from fossil fuels to clean energy can jeopardize our economic growth. Therefore, we intend to use the Long-Term Low Emissions Development Strategy as a transition process.”
President Buhari explained that the long-term low-emissions development strategy provides the pathway for Nigeria to carefully assess the opportunities that may arise in terms of a cleaner, more dynamic and more sustainable growth model.
“It will also provide the country with options to implement a less carbon-intensive model of economic development in the face of the world’s diminishing reliance on fossil fuels,” he said.
According to President Buhari, achieving a climate-neutral economy by 2050 will require phasing out or radically changing the country’s carbon-intensive industries, which will be particularly difficult and will require a well-managed transition through a effective vision and full financial support from partners. .
“Nigeria stands ready to partner with countries and relevant stakeholders to achieve the goals of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the goals of the Paris Agreement, while combining local and international solutions. in its quest to mitigate the challenges of climate change and adapt to the realities of catastrophic environmental destruction facing our world,” he said.
The President thanked President Biden for organizing this important event which remains crucial for the well-being of national economies as well as for the survival of all people on the planet.
President Buhari also appreciated the other members of the Major Economies Forum for Energy and Climate Change for their commitment to climate action, in particular the consensus on deploying clean energy technologies at the lowest cost. low as possible and the creation of the Global Partnership to drive transformational progress around the world. world.
“We fervently hope and expect that the partnership will be vigorously pursued in order to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change on our environment.
“Your Excellencies, the adverse effects of climate change are disastrous for humanity, given the scale of environmental destruction and its negative impacts on our respective countries.
“In Nigeria, we have witnessed several environmental challenges including rampant land degradation, desertification and drought in the northern part, wanton deforestation, land encroachment, invasion of coastlines, loss of biodiversity, flooding and coastal erosion in the southern region of our country.
“These developments reinforce Nigeria’s commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change aimed at stabilizing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic consequences and climate change rules. 2015 Paris Agreement,” the president added. .
President Buhari said he had already signed the Nigerian Climate Change Bill on November 18, 2021, in line with Nigeria’s commitment to the Glasgow Climate Pact.
According to the President, “The Climate Change Act provides a legal framework to achieve low greenhouse gas emissions while ensuring green and sustainable economic growth.
“The Act will support and enable the implementation of national climate actions, including access to climate finance and carbon trading that will reduce greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change and its co-occurring effects” .
The virtual summit was addressed by around 20 presidents and prime ministers or their representatives, and those who personally did so included the host, President Biden, President Buhari, the German Chancellor, the President of Turkey, Prime Ministers Ministers from Japan and Canada as well as the Secretary General of the United Nations and the President of the European Commission.